The central areas of the Central Russian Upland since ancient times were inhabited by tribes that came from the ancient families of the Aryans. These people moved from east to west following the retreating glacier. They did not leave behind big cities and fortresses, but their direct descendants are many modern peoples of Europe. One of these ancient tribes was Vyatichi.

MUSEUMS OF YUKHNOWGRAD


In the territory of our village, you will find two remarkable museums - the "Vyatich Museum" and the "Museum of Ancient Russian Life". They show expositions from items of everyday use of our ancestors gathered by enthusiasts in nearby towns and villages, as well as archaeological finds found in ancient settlements and places of settlement of ancient tribes.

Regarding the organization of excursions to museums, please contact the reception. Also, your questions will be answered by the director of the museum complex Sergey Moiseev.


Every Saturday - an excursion at 12:00
Individual excursion - 300 rubles. per person


Sergey Moiseev


The main treasures of the archaeological collection of the museum are women's jewelry-amulets, the famous seven-lobed temple rings, metal coats of the X century, kuna and treasures with silver dirhams.

A special place in the exposition is occupied by very rare products from the black-clay pottery, known from the III millennium BC. To create it, only certain types of clay were used. In such dishes, milk and cream do not sour for a long time.

Interesting collection of tiles. In 1935, greenish-turquoise tiles were found during excavations in the village of Ustye, on lands that once belonged to the princes Golitsyn. Similar tiles adorned the chamber of the favorite of Tsarevna Sophia, a skillful diplomat of Prince V.V. Golitsyn, who are in the Okhotny Ryad.

Deaf enamels of four primary colors: white, yellow, blue and greenish-turquoise were made in Kaluga, which became one of the leading centers of ceramic production in Russia. By the end of the XVIII century there were 10 tile factories in the city. In 1731 it was here, according to the drawings of FB Rastrelli, that the tile stoves for the palace of Anna Ioannovna in Lefortovo were made. In 1753, during the restoration of the burnt Golovinsky (Catherine's) palace in Moscow, Kaluga tiles were also used for cladding stoves.

The museum features tiles of high and low relief, multicolored and one-color, non-poured and with green glaze.

The museum has an interesting collection of Maltsovsky cast-iron castings. Visitors can see the products of the Pesochensky and Lyudinovsky iron foundries, which belonged to the well-known entrepreneur S.I. Maltsov, following the principle: "Russia must free itself from foreign dependence. Everything in the world! "In 1841, rails for the Nikolayev railway were released here, which were previously purchased abroad. By 1873 in Ludinovo 50 locomotives were built. Due to the high quality of the products, the Maltsovsk plants received many awards: 10 gold, 22 silver, 8 bronze medals, manufactory and trade and industrial exhibitions. On the stands of the museum there are articles of utensils, pieces, as well as furnace casting: plates and grates, doors and half-doors, vyushki, fragrances, flaps.

The central part of the exposition of the Vyatich Museum is a collection of traditional festive costumes of the Kaluga, Ryazan, Bryansk and Voronezh provinces of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The female outfit consisted of a shirt, a woolen skirt-poneva, a headdress and an apron-a "curtain". According to experts, this set of clothes is the most archaic. The costumes were decorated with embroidery, woven patterns, colored ribbons. All this was combined with the texture of the fabric and the cut of clothes. Various ornaments had a deep symbolic meaning. They not only expressed wishes for happiness and prosperity, but also performed the role of amulets, so embroidery was decorated with those parts of the costume, through which, according to our ancestors, evil forces could penetrate the body of a person: gates, cuffs, hem, neckline.

Russian peasant women used to wear festive clothes on long winter evenings from the fabrics of domestic workmanship and materials purchased at the fair or from small traders-peddlers who walked between villages. In a dress adorned with silk ribbons, gold and silver galloons, it was not a shame to appear "on people", because the clothes around judged the skill and diligence of the master.



The items collected here, the special atmosphere, the enthusiasm of the guide encourage guests to think: "Who are you?" Where are our roots? For the sake of what do we live on this earth? "